Baltimore

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Baltimore é uma das cidades mais disfuncionais dos Estados Unidos.[1] Foi tema de muita mídia e presença online.[2]

Que porra?[editar]

We need to start over, to admit that somehow the forces of history and race, economic theory and human weakness have conspired to create a new and peculiar universe in our largest cities. Our rules and imperatives don’t work down here. We’ve got to leave behind the useless baggage of a society and culture that still maintains the luxury of reasonable judgments. Against all the sanction we can muster, this new world is surviving, expanding, consuming everything in its path. To insist that it should be otherwise on the merits of some external morality is to provoke a futile debate. In West Baltimore or East New York, in North Philly or South Chicago, they’re not listening anymore, so how can our best arguments matter?[3]

The Great Migration[editar]

Depois de serem emancipados como escravos, os americanos negros ainda estavam trabalhando principalmente como trabalhadores manuais nas fazendas. Isso mudou com a mecanização e a industrialização, que volveram a classe trabalhadora negra dispensável no sul dos Estados Unidos. Os negros americanos migraram para centros industriais no norte para trabalhar. Os sulistas brancos convidaram isso, como a população negra explodindo representava uma ameaça para Jim Crow.

A Segunda Guerra Mundial forneceu a necessidade de rearmamento, e o rearmamento exigia mão de obra industrial.

Habitação a preços acessíveis[editar]

A migração negra para as cidades leva à construção de moradias subsidiadas pelo governo. O setor imobiliário aproveitou a oportunidade, convencendo os americanos brancos a venderem seus imóveis à medida que a composição racial do bairro mudava.

Desindustrialização[editar]

A migração foi sustentada e motivada pela economia industrial do norte. As fábricas fecharam e a demanda por mão de obra não qualificada caiu, levando ao desemprego.

By the mid-1960s, the poor had come to Fayette Street and the problems of the poor became the problems of the neighborhood. Worst of all, the industrial and manufacturing economy that had originally propelled the migration began to disappear. Among the later migrants, particularly, unemployment was chronic as factories closed and the demand for unskilled labor collapsed. Nor were the schools what they had been; white refugees took the tax dollars with them, though until the end of the decade, an adequate public education could still be had at high schools like Frederick Douglass, Carver, and Mergenthaler.[4]

Drogadição[editar]

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Ver também[editar]

  • http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/baltimorecitymarylandcounty
  • Simon, David, and Edward Burns. The Corner: a Year in the Life of an Inner-City Neighborhood. Broadway Books, 1998.
  • Simon, David, and Edward Burns. The Corner: a Year in the Life of an Inner-City Neighborhood. Broadway Books, 1998. p150-151
  • Simon, David, and Edward Burns. The Corner: a Year in the Life of an Inner-City Neighborhood. Broadway Books, 1998. p235